During the months spent in this city I have tried to understand the reasons why these people to leave their land. I began to wonder what was underneath and, seeking the root, the very people gave me the answer.
Niger is rich in resources, but only generates energy using wood and coal although 2/3 is covered in desert.
The Nigerien Parliament is planning to reopen discussion of the agreements that regulate the extraction of minerals and petroleum in the country, despite the protests of the people. The two states which currently manage a large part of the exploitation have what it takes to guarantee that even a monopoly for a long time.
On one side is France, the former colonizer, which through a "justified" military presence imposes unfavorable economic agreements the country, maintaining the primacy on mining areas. All under the eyes of a former president of the multinational engineer today empties the breast Niger uranium.
On the other hand we have the China, with a billion and three hundred and fifty million inhabitants, not to burst invades the world, especially the black one, with an inexhaustible reservoir and economic strength majestic work. Who's here at home these gentlemen is the Niger: a state for nothing solid that retains the cellar one of the largest reserves of uranium in the world, as well as huge amounts of oil and it is located in a very strategic geographical position.
Niger is one of the hottest countries in the world. In the capital Niamey water distribution is privatized and the company that runs it is a multinational company based in France.
In homes and in the streets the only source of energy is the fire and is generated wood (the gas is still little used). Every day in Niamey are burned nearly 1,000 tonnes of wood (between 700 and 1200) and the lack of vegetation is disappearing.
Today, this country has become a colony of uranifera a large French multinational.
On the long road that leads south to Burkina Faso on the timber trade is a huge business. A people who under his feet a mineral capable of producing atomic energy is fed with wood and coal.
The law provides that the firewood should be dried and harvested in the countryside. But how can 17 million people ensure the fire with wood gathered on the ground in an almost treeless land?
The timber trade is largely in the hands of former army colonels who sell off old military trucks to the citizens of the place, demanding large percentage slices on transport and sales. From the south it brings the wood to the north by truck, by car, by bike, with a donkey or on foot, and then try to sell it.
Recently the Niamey central government proposed the Parliament to review the legal agreements on mining.
Niger has what it takes to start a nationalization process of its resources? Unless the political representation does not take a clear position in defense of their wealth, and until the influential Nigerians will not choose to put alongside their poorer brothers, will be difficult. This will be even less likely as long as the colonial radicalism remain settled in the geopolitical strategies of some Western governments and if those who offer humanitarian aid will be the same that create a need where there was none before.
Many Nigerians are now forced to leave this earth that despite rich, is for them poor and yet difficult to exploit.